Chinese and African officials have rejected criticism of Beijing’s development projects on the continent as they ended a summit that included a $60bn pledge for more aid to the continent.
President Xi Jinping hosted leaders from across Africa amid questions whether his country’s Belt and Road global trade infrastructure initiative is worsening debt problems in some countries.
“Everything we do with China is perfectly under control, including on the financial and debt side,” Senegal’s President Macky Sall said on Tuesday at the end of the two-day summit.
“We shouldn’t let our conscience be disturbed by criticism made regarding the nature of our relations with China,” Sall said.
South African President Cyril Ramaphosa said one of the summit’s main achievements was an agreement to “work hard to increase Africa’s value-added exports to China”.
For his part, Xi said the summit “opened a new chapter in the history of China-Africa relations”.
On the opening day of the summit on Monday, Xi offered $60bn in financial support to African countries over the next three years. He said the debt of the continent’s poorest nations will be written off.
The Chinese president said the figure included $15bn in grants, interest-free loans and concessional loans, a credit line of $20bn, $10bn for “development financing” and $5bn to buy imports from the continent.
Chinese companies will be encouraged to invest no less than $10bn in African countries in the next three years, he added.
The money comes on top of $60 billion offered at the last summit in 2015.
China’s special envoy for African affairs, Xu Jinghu, said Beijing would be “very conscientious” in its cooperation with Africa and conduct feasibility studies before choosing projects.
“China has not increased the debt burden of Africa,” she told reporters.